High resolution 1H-detected solid-state NMR spectroscopy of protein aliphatic resonances: access to tertiary structure information

S. Asami; P. Schmieder; B. Reif

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 15133-15135 (2010)

Biological magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has developed rapidly over the past two decades. For the structure determination of a protein by solid-state NMR, routinely (13)C,(13)C distance restraints as well as dihedral restraints are employed. In protonated samples, this is achieved by growing the bacterium on a medium which contains [1,3]-(13)C glycerol or [2]-(13)C glycerol to dilute the (13)C spin system. Labeling schemes, which rely on heteronuclei, are insensitive both for detection and in terms of quantification of distances, since they are relying on low-? nuclei. Proton detection can in principle provide a gain in sensitivity by a factor of 8 and 31, compared to the (13)C or (15)N detected version of the experiment. We report here a new labeling scheme, which enables (1)H-detection of aliphatic resonances with high resolution in MAS solid-state NMR spectroscopy. We prepared microcrystals of the SH3 domain of chicken a-spectrin with 5% protonation at nonexchangeable sites and obtained line widths on the order of 25 Hz for aliphatic (1)H resonances. We show further that (13)C resolved 3D-(1)H,(1)H correlation experiments yield access to long-range proton-proton distances in the protein.

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