Unraveling the existence of dynamic water channels in light-harvesting proteins: alpha-C-phycocyanobilin in vitro
H. Elgabarty; P. Schmieder; D. Sebastiani*
Chem. Sci 4, 755-763 (2013)
We present hybrid ab initio QM/MM MD simulations and theoretical NMR chemical shift calculations of the bilin chromophore phycocyanobilin (PCB) in the binding pocket of the a-subunit of C-phycocyanin (a-C-PC). The good overall agreement between the computed NMR chemical shifts and the experimental values confirm the overall structural picture. A particular discrepancy is observed for the pyrrole nitrogen and hydrogen on ring A, which points to a disagreement between the reported X-ray structure and the experimental solution-state NMR spectrum. Our results suggest that in the solution-state, the binding pocket of a-C-PC slightly opens up allowing one water molecule to form a stable bridge between ring A in PCB and the protein backbone at the ASN73 residue. With this modified solution-state structure, the computed NMR chemical shifts are in excellent agreement with experimental values. For proteins still lacking a fully-resolved solution-state NMR-based structure, this approach of combining ab initio MD/NMR provides a very sensitive probe for local geometries at the sub-Ångstrom range that can be utilized to compare/reconcile simple experimental one- and two-dimensional NMR data with X-ray structures.
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